Further reading

Archived content.

How are disaster relief efforts organised? - Cluster approach and key actors


The aim of the cluster approach is to strengthen partnerships and ensure more predictability and accountability in international responses to humanitarian emergencies, by clarifying the division of labour among organisations, and better defining their roles and responsibilities within the key sectors of the response.

Key actors

The United Nations General Assembly has established the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) to assist governments in mobilising international assistance when the scale of the disaster exceeds the national capacity. OCHA manages a number of tools to facilitate coordination of multiple actors and resources. In particular it chairs a forum of the most experienced relief agencies and prepares common humanitarian action plans and joint appeals with them.