On June 10, a wave of deadly violence began in the multiethnic city of Osh in southern Kyrgyzstan. A series of incidents provoked a rise in tension between the ethnic Uzbek and Kyrgyz communities in the city. On the night of June 10-11, several thousand youth confronted each other in the city centre with sticks, steel rods and guns. Over the course of several days, the violence continued in the city and spread to the surrounding district of Kara Suu and neighbouring Jalal-Abad Province.
As of June 16, the Ministry of Health had recorded 187 deaths in the conflict, with 1,966 people injured. However, senior government figures and the International Committee of the Red Cross have stated that the true number of casualties is likely to be several times higher, with many corpses buried without notification to the authorities, or still lying on the streets. In addition, the areas affected have seen widespread arson, looting of state, commercial and private property, and destruction of infrastructure. The Interim Government has requested international support to deal with the humanitarian consequences of the recent violence in southern Kyrgyzstan.
The conflict has had acute and pressing humanitarian consequences for over one million people, especially for an estimated 375,000 people who have fled the conflict in Osh and Jalal-Abad. Of these, approximately 75,000 have sought refuge in neighbouring Uzbekistan (and are not covered by this appeal).
This Humanitarian Appeal addresses the needs of more than one million people affected by violent conflict in southern Kyrgyzstan in June 2010. It seeks US$71,145,639 for urgent humanitarian support. The affected population covered by this Appeal comprises 300,000 internally displaced people (IDPs), and up to 765,300 direct and indirect victims who are still in the homes, such as host communities or people wounded in the conflict.